Dude horse definition

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Ever Wondered Why It’s Called a ‘Dude Ranch’?

You might have heard the term “dude ranch” when talking about a western guest ranch or discussing an adventurous vacation. But what is a dude ranch exactly?

It certainly has nothing to do with today’s younger crowd referring to each other as ‘dude’. It’s also doubtful that they coined the name after anything connected to a guest ranch. So where did this ranch classification come from? As it turns out, credit is due mostly to Theodore Roosevelt and people like him.

How Theodore Roosevelt Became the Most Famous Dude

Back in the late 19th century, Theodore Roosevelt went on many adventures in the Western United States. As a kid, he’d been a sickly child who’d had to stay home most of the time because of his asthma and his physical weakness. All that time at homemade him a rather bookish young man and an avid student of zoology and natural history. As such, he was fascinated by the West.

Like many Easterners with a romantic vision of the West, the Harvard-educated Roosevelt eventually headed to the frontier, where for a few years he operated a cattle ranch in the Dakotas. That was what made him a “dude” — he was a well-born Easterner not accustomed to the rough life of the West.

Back in Theodore Roosevelt’s time, the word “dude” wasn’t used in a very friendly way by Westerners. In essence, “dude” meant an ostentatious and ignorant man who could barely survive outside his comfort zone in the big city back East. Cultured socialites, arrogant and rich, were called “dudes” when they came out West to see what life was like for the “other half.”

 

“Guest Ranch” is Putting it Politely

Guest ranches in the Old West quickly earned the nickname dude ranch to refer to the type of patrons they attracted. The early visitors at dude ranches were generally wealthy Eastern men who came to the West to play at being a cowboy without having to face the genuine risks that real cowboys had to face on a daily basis.

 

Dude Ranches Today

As the American West gradually tamed itself, dude ranches also became more tame and “dude” was no longer used as a derogatory term. Today, dude ranches like Colorado Trails offer some of the best all-inclusive family vacations in the world. Offering a chance to get out in Mother Nature, relax and enjoy activities that aren’t everyday experiences. Dude ranches are still offering people a chance to get to know the Wild West, an attraction that is timeless and ageless. People of any age will love the dude ranch experience.

In fact, guests will have the chance to enjoy the same activities that cowboys (and cowgirls) indulge in each day.

 

Dude Ranch Activities

All dude ranches will have their own unique take on the “western experience” for anyone looking for an escape to nature. They also share many of the same activities including:

  • Horseback Riding
    • Explore beautiful mountain ranges, lush rivers, and scenic meadows from the unique perspective of riding by horse. It is an activity that can be enjoyed by the whole family, even if you have never ridden a horse before.
  • Fly Fishing
    • While horseback riding takes the spotlight for one of the main activities of a dude ranch, fishing is also a common activity among many ranches open to guests. Many ranches will include a private section of water, so you won’t have to worry about running into anyone else during your relaxing experience.
  • Western Dancing
    • What better way to spend an evening than with some line dancing and entertainment? Dude ranches will often host entertainment nights including live music and special dance routines. Make sure you bring your cowboy clothes!

While these are some common activities found at a dude ranch, many will have more activities that make for an exciting and adventurous vacation. At Colorado Trails Ranch, we offer thrilling activities that are unique to our area like whitewater rafting, archery, and power tubing.

 

Dude Ranch History: The “First” Dude Rancher

While Theodore Roosevelt is credited to be a pioneer in kicking off the dude ranch industry, it was a man named Howard Eaton that is responsible for being one of the first dude ranchers in the West. In fact, it was a letter from Howard to a friend in New York that prompted Mr. Roosevelt to first visit the area.

In 1879, at the age of 28, Howard started building a ranch in Medora, North Dakota. After starting the ranch, his two brothers soon joined him to live the Western lifestyle. It was then that he established the Custer Trail Ranch in the Dakota Badlands. A lover of nature and the outdoors, he began to share his love of the West to out-of-state tourists.

He would entertain many hunters from the East looking to hunt Bison in the area and would often take guests on pack trips to Yellowstone National Park.

In 1903, Howard and his family moved their ranch to the east slopes of Wyoming’s Bighorn Mountains mainly due to the lack of Bison and other wildlife in North Dakota. They continued to entertain wealthy families from the East with horseback riding, fishing, and hunting in a secluded mountain setting.

This paved the way for the dude ranch industry and set the standard for the Western activities and hospitality that is expected today.

Is a Dude Ranch Vacation right for You?

Are you interested in your own cowboy vacation? Colorado Trails Ranch is in the perfect setting for a secluded mountain getaway with the whole family.

Located north of Durango in Southwest Colorado, the ranch has everything for an all-inclusive trip including horseback riding, trout fishing, whitewater rafting, and modern cabins for a relaxing and comfortable evening (if you aren’t up dancing with us in the barn).

We would be happy to tell you all about the cowboy culture and what you can expect from a dude ranch vacation. Give us a call at (970) 247-5055 or send us an email and we will be in touch.

See you out on the saddle, “dude”.

Sours: https://coloradotrails.com/blog/ever-wondered-why-its-called-a-dude-ranch
Sara, I don’t normally like to do people’s homework for them, but since your teacher has asked you an impossible question and you have shown the initiative to seek out Wordwizard, I’ll provide you with my useless answer. (<:)

‘Dude’ has gone through several incarnations starting back in the 1870s. So this is an ambiguous question. And even if one did know which version of the word we were talking about it is still an impossible question to answer. But if you are talking about the man, fellow, guy incarnation, if I were to hazard a very wild, wild guess, I would have to say "New York" based on the following excerpt:

The Oxford Dictionary of New Words:

DUDEis a slang word of unknown origin that was first used in the US in 1883 [[Random House has a quote dating to 1877!]] to mean ‘a dandy, a swell’ or (as a Western Cowboy’s word ‘a city-dweller). By 1967 it had been taken up in U.S. black English to mean ‘a man, a cool guy or a cat’ (and later ‘any person,’ losing its original negative connotations. This more general use of ‘dude’ was popularized outside the black street slang through the ‘blaxploitation’ films of the late 70s and, more particularly, through the explosion of hip-hop during the 80s. By 1985 it had become an accepted part of surfing vocabulary, and it was through this route and though TV series such as the ‘Simpsons’ that it spread into British English idiom. ‘Dude’ has come to be used as a form of address in just the same way that ‘man’ was used in the sixties . . . . .
___________________________

The first use of ‘dude’ as ‘man’ which is the birth of its modern meaning, is in the black English of the ghetto among the cool cats, etc. and one of the places where it was happenin’ was New York City’s Harlem. Of course, it could just as easily have been in Chicago or any number of cities with large black populations, but Harlem was one of the biggest and coolest spots – so why not? As far as California goes, it was used by surfers, but that came rather late in the game, although they did help further popularize the expression.
____________________

Ken G – October 14, 2003

Reply from Ken Greenwald (Fort Collins, CO - U.S.A.)

_____________________________________________________________________

ADDENDUM

Word Maven

The original meaning of this American-born word is still its first definition today, 'a man excessively concerned with his clothes, grooming and manners'. I thought that ‘dude’ was an old word, but I thought wrong. I guess it's because the word sounds vaguely like ‘duke,’ and all those titles of royalty are fairly ancient. But dude first appeared in print in 1878. The ‘Random House Historical Dictionary of American Slang’ cites an 1877 reference in a letter--not published, however, until 1988--from the painter and sculptor Frederick Remington: "Don't send me any more [drawings of] women or any more dudes." By 1883, ‘dude’ was in wider circulation. In June of that year, its popularity was noted by Massachusetts’ ‘North Adams Transcript’: "The new coined word 'dude'...has travelled over the country with a great deal of rapidity since but two months ago it grew into general use in New York." By 1885, it had established a strong enough foothold to appear in Ulysses S. Grant's ‘Personal Memoirs’: "Before the car I was in had started, a dapper little fellow--he would be called a dude at this day--stepped in."

Fairly soon, a dude came to mean an Easterner or a city slicker, and especially someone who vacations on a ranch--thus ‘dude ranch.’

‘Dude’ also spawned quite a few odd derivatives, such as ‘dudedom,’ ‘dudeness,’ ‘dudery,’ ‘dudism,’ ‘dudish,’ ‘dudess; and ‘dudine’--the last two meaning 'female dudes'. None of these is in general use today. I thought dudess might have had a revival as part of the surfer culture; however, Malia Alani of ‘Surfer Magazine’ said no. She e-mailed me that "I don't think there is a feminine word for ‘dude.’ A traditional Hawaiian word used commonly for women surfers is ‘wahine.’" (Note: following the appearance of the column, several readers have informed me that ‘dudette’ is the feminine form of ‘dude.’ A quick search of Nexis confirms the word is, in fact, current. Thanks, everyone.)

The meaning of the word as 'a male person' has been in wide use since the 1960's. This is from a 1968 book called ‘College Drug Scene’: "And I got into symbolic logic and semantics with a cat who had studied with Korzybski and electronics from a dude who had an Associate of Arts degree in anthropology from 1941." The use of ‘dude’ in direct address to a male began much earlier. This is from a 1945 book called Silversides: "Hey, dude, there's a ship out here!"

The origin of ‘dude’ is uncertain. There are a few speculations, the most interesting of which, to my mind, is from ‘A Dictionary of Slang’ by Eric Partridge. He says that it may have come from the word ‘dud’--which, at the time, meant 'a delicate weakling'--"influenced by ‘attitude.’"
_____________________________________________________________________

Here following are some quotes relating to each of the various meaning of DUDE:

DUDE: A name given in ridicule to a man affecting an exaggerated fastidiousness in dress, speech, and deportment, and very particular about what is esthetically ‘good form’; hence, extended to an exquisite, a dandy, ‘a swell’.

<1877 “Don’t send me any more [drawings of] women or any more DUDES.”—in ‘Selected Letters’ of Frederic Remington [[1861–1909, U.S. painter and sculptor]]>

<1883 “The DUDE sounds like the name of a bird. It is, on the contrary, American slang for a new kind of American young man . . . The one object for which the DUDE exists is to tone down the eccentricities of fashion . . The silent, subfusc, subdued ‘DUDE’ hands down the traditions of good form.”—‘Graphics,’ 31 March>

<1883 “The new coined word ‘DUDE’ . . . has travelled over the country with a great deal of rapidity since but two months ago it grew into general use in New York.”—‘North Adams Transcript’ (Mass.), 24 June>

<1883 “The social ‘DUDE’ who affects English dress and the English drawl.”—‘American,’ VII, page 151>

<1883 “The elderly club DUDE.”—“Harper’s Magazine,” LXVII. page 632>

<1883 “Not . . . to encourage the development of the DUDE or the DUDINE in his dominion.”—‘Philadelphia Times,’ No 2892, page 2> [[‘dudine’ – female ‘dude’]]

<1886 “Our novels establish a false ideal in the American imagination, and the result is that mysterious being ‘The DUDE’.”—“Longman’s Magazine,” March, page553>

<1889 “Reverence for rank and title . . . had disappeared—at least, to all intents and purposes. The remnant of it was restricted to the DUDES and DUDESSES.”—‘Yankee in King Arthur’s Court’ by Mark Twain, viii. page 80> [[‘dudess’ – female ‘dude’]]

__________________

DUDE: A non-westerner or city-dweller who tours or stays in the west of the U.S., especially. one who spends his holidays on a ranch; a tenderfoot.

<1883 “The DUDE is one of those creatures which are perfectly harmless and are a necessary evil to civilization.”—‘Prince Albert Time (Saskatchewan), 4 July, page 5/1>

<1921 “‘Is this Scott Lawson's DUDE ranch?’ soberly inquired the rider of the pinto.”—“Scribner’s Magazine,’ March, page 343/1>

<1924 “I'm going to put up the finest cattle barn in the state—that is, belonging to a real dirt farmer, not to one of them city DUDES.”—‘R.F.D. No. 3, page 148>

__________________

DUDE: Any man who catches the attention in some way; a fellow or chap, a guy, cat. Hence also approvingly, especially. (through Black English) applied to a member of one's own circle or group. By the 1970s could be member of either sex. Also a term of address.

<1883 “I get to thinking about Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden, and of the DUDE with the cloven hoof that flirted with Eve.”—‘Bad Boy’ by Peck, page 284>

<1895 “Say, I was kinder layin’ fer dat DUDE, anyhow, cause ‘e is allus roastin’ me.”—‘Fadden’ by Townsend, page 21>

<1918 “In a gang of snipes there is generally one DUDE who is known as the ‘king snipe’.”—‘Navy Explained’ by L. E. Ruggles, page 139>

<1933-35 “I’ve been watching those DUDES [convict workman] up there for the last fifteen minutes.”—‘About to Die’ by D. Lamson,’ page 37>

<1950 “I got a chill on (doubt the courage of) this DUDE we're working with. He might phony up on a drop.”—‘Dictionary of the American Underworld’ by H. E. Goldin, page 156/1>

<1967 “My set of Negro street types contained a revolving and sometimes disappearing (when the ‘heat’, or police pressure, was on) population of about 45 members ranging in age from 18 to 25. These were the local ‘DUDES,’ their term meaning not the fancy city slickers but simply ‘the boys’, ‘fellas’, the ‘cool people.’”—‘Trans-Action,’ April, page 6/1>

<1967 “This cat, a beautiful DUDE, gave drugs to anybody who wanted it,”—‘Hippie Trip’ by Yablonski, page 76>

<1974 “So let’s us shrewd DUDES not go fooling anyone, all right?”—‘Rounding Third’ by Strassburger, page 2>

<1981 “Where not talking about a lame chick and a gnarly guy. We’re talking about a couple of far-out DUDES!”—‘Baja Oklahoma’ by Jenkins, page 269>

<1984 “What’ goin’ on, DUDE?”—University of Tennessee instructor, age 34>

(Oxford English Dictionary, Random House Historical Dictionary of American Slang)
____________________

Ken G - March 16, 2005

Signature: Reply imported and archived

Sours: http://www.wordwizard.com/phpbb3/viewtopic.php?t=5048
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What is a Dude Ranch? A Brief History

winter dude ranch

Today, “dude” means something like “bro”. But in the late 1800s and early 1900s, the word had a different slang meaning. Back then, a “dude” was an urbanite. It’s what western cattle ranchers, a.k.a. cowboys, called big-shot city slickers.

When city dwellers from the East Coast discovered that ranch visits in the wide open West made for great vacations, ranches started hosting them – and eventually charging them for their stays. Ranches that opened up to the tourism business were called guest ranches, or “dude ranches”. Here are a few imponderables about dude ranches and their origins.

Who were the very first dude ranchers?

The first dude ranch was located in the Dakota Badlands. Back in the 1880’s, cattle was booming in that region. An enterprising man by the name of Howard Eaton and his brothers started the Custer Trail Ranch and fell in love with the Western cowboy lifestyle. They wrote letters to their friends and family back on the East Coast about all the wild adventures they were having.

How did the word spread about ranch visits?

The early popularity of dude ranches owes itself, at least in part, to one of America’s most outdoorsy presidents, Teddy Roosevelt. He caught wind of the Eaton Brothers’ establishment and wanted a taste of cowboy life. Once he visited, he couldn’t get enough of the hunting, fishing, and horseback riding fun. Teddy bought his own ranch nearby – the Maltese Cross Ranch.

President Roosevelt’s accounts of ranch life fanned the flames of curiosity and adventure for Easterners about the Great American West. The well-dressed, shiny-shoed “dudes” started traveling out west in droves – both by the burgeoning railway system and in newfangled automobiles that started appearing in the early 20th century.

Where Ranch Visits Really Free Once?

Yes indeed! When “dude” guests first started appearing in the early years, there was no precedent for charging them money. In fact, it was an insult to western hospitality to try to pay for a several-day stay. Then, after a series of hardships hit ranchers who were receiving guests (and after they started tallying up the bills on how much extra they were spending on food and booze!) they decided to set themselves up as bona fide lodging businesses. The Eaton Brothers calculated that they would have to charge $10 a week per guest.

In the 1920s, the cattle industry cooled down and many ranchers hit hard times. They soon began to rely on their hospitality services to supplement their incomes. Wanting to take their guest ranches to the next level, they partnered up with Northern Pacific Railway and formed the Dude Ranchers’ Association in 1926. The goal was to ramp up the marketing, sales, and standards of the dude ranch experience.

What Do All Dude Ranches Have in Common?

Since their beginnings, dude ranches have prided themselves on the unique, authentic experience it delivers to city-dwelling guests in need of an escape outdoors. These special ranches all have deep histories and local traditions, and they take their hospitality very seriously. Ranches are a country home for their visitors, where guests feel like family among the staff and ranch hands.

Ranch life keeps itself entertaining in creative ways – costume parties, friendly competitions, stunts, pranks, inside jokes – and guests are always invited to join in! Combine those antics with good home cooking, fun outdoor activities, and big-sky western sunsets, and it’s no wonder why dude ranches have thrived as healthy, soulful retreats for city slickers generation after generation.

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Sours: https://www.clazyu.com/blog/working-dude-ranch/what-is-a-dude-ranch-a-brief-history/

Why Do They Call it a Dude Ranch?

Fourth-generation rancher Danielle Otis of Western Pleasure Guest Ranch, shares the history and meaning behind the term, "dude ranch." 

Recently, I was asked an interesting question by an individual who had never heard of a dude ranch. The question was, is a “dude ranch” just for men or can anyone come?  I have to admit, I laughed a little when I first heard the question. After more thought, I am surprised that given the modern use of the word “dude”, I don’t get this question more often.

women horseback riding at western pleasure guest ranch

Dude ranches are for cowgirls too! Photo courtesy Visit Idaho. 

The urban dictionary defines “dude” as “a word that Americans use to address each other--particularly stoners, surfers, and skaters." Merriam-Webster dictionary, when asked to define the term for kids, defines dude as a “man or guy”. In a November 2013 article in The Atlantic, titled, A Brief History of Dude, J.J. Gould describes this modern use of “dude” further:

“The contemporary use of dude developed in the Pacific Coast surfing culture of the early 1960s, it entered mainstream popular culture in the early ’80s, and it’s persisted, until recently, along the same basic lines.”

appaloosas running in pasture western pleasure guest ranch

Western Pleasure Guest Ranch. Photo courtesy Danielle Otis. 

He goes on to say, "according to Scott F. Kiesling, the author of a seminal 2004 study from the journal American Speech—titled, yes, Dude—the term has long implied a particular understanding of fellowship among guys." Kiesling argues, "its dominant linguistic function has been to enable men, mainly young men, to address one another in a conspicuously straight mode of laid-back camaraderie. 'Dude' allows men to create a stance…of closeness with other men--satisfying masculine solidarity, that also maintains a casual … distance.”

These modern uses of the word are most certainly where most of the confusion arises when someone hears the term “dude ranch,” and is led to--quite naturally-- ask if the ranch is just for dudes…guys…men.

To understand the reason we call our ranch vacation destinations “dude ranches," the more classical context of the word needs to be understood. The first known use of the word arose in 1880 and its origin is unknown, although some sources say that it is of German origin. Still, other sources state that the word is of Irish origin and comes from the Gaelic word “duid,” which means “foolish,” or “stupid”. Apparently, the Irish ranch hands on the American west applied this term to the ranch guests who visited from the East Coast. I can hardly be convinced that a whole industry would willingly take on a term to describe themselves which paints their clients as “foolish,” or “stupid”. That doesn’t sound very good for business if you ask me!

cattle at western pleasure guest ranch idaho

Guests can get a taste of the authentic American West at Western Pleasure Guest Ranch. Photo courtesy Danielle Otis. 

Another old use of the word “dude,” comes in the form of a verb. Dictionary.com defines dude as a verb which means to “dress up elaborately.” For example: a sentence I can easily imagine my grandmother using-- “the groom was all duded up in silver and black”. I am more inclined to believe the industry’s use of the word “dude,” originating from this context.

woman jumping horse western pleasure guest ranch

Many dude ranches have horsemanship programs for riders of all levels. Photo courtesy Danielle Otis. 

When dude ranches became popular in the American West, it was only the very wealthy that could afford the long trip west and the high fees associated with experiencing the “real west” on a ranch. These ranch guests often bought elaborate outfits to fit the role of “cowboy," in an effort to make their ranch experience more authentic. Who wouldn’t want to dress up like a cowboy? The big hat, boots, chaps, and handkerchiefs aren’t just functional--they're fun! Have you ever walked through a barn wearing a pair of chinks with long fringe on the bottom? Who needs dresses with ruffles when you can have leather fringe? That stuff has some serious twirl-able action to it! But I am getting off topic…

young boy and horse western pleasure guest ranch

It's okay to play cowboy on a dude ranch vacation--that's the whole point. Photo courtesy Danielle Otis. 

The meaning and use of "dude” is as varied, it seems, as the people who use it. Dude ranches are not just for men. No--they are for anyone who wants to experience the spirit of the West. They are for anyone who saw that western movie and wished they could saddle up and ride into the sunset with John Wayne, Roy Rogers, or even Billy Crystal. To avoid confusion--which I hope I have just cleared up somewhat--many ranches have chosen to identify themselves as a “guest ranches." But whether you call it a guest ranch, or a dude ranch, makes no difference. The same goal and the same purpose lay at the foundation of every dude and guest ranch; to keep the principals, adventure, and spirit of the West alive---and to help their guests discover it through an authentic, western ranch experience.

About the AuthorDanielle Otis was born and raised on her family's fifth-generation ranch in the northern panhandle of Idaho. From a young age, a love for ranch life and a respect for the land were cultivated in her. Today, she and her husband, Landon, are raising their own children on the family ranch and instilling in them that same love for the outdoors. Danielle continues to work on the family ranch, Western Pleasure Guest Ranch. During the summer, she manages the children's horsemanship program. She says, "it is so rewarding to see these children, many of whom have never ridden a horse before coming here, learn these horsemanship skills over the course of just a few days. In the process, they gain some amazing life skills without even knowing it." During the off-season, she works in the ranch office and manages the marketing. Her great passion in life is keeping the western lifestyle and its values alive and sharing it with the guests who visit Western Pleasure Guest Ranch. Learn more about the ranch on their blog. 

Follow Danielle on Instagram: @iloveiliveiride. Follow Western Pleasure Guest Ranch on Instagram: @westernpleasureguestranch.

Sours: https://equitrekking.com/articles/entry/why-do-they-call-it-a-dude-ranch

Definition dude horse

Look up a word, learn it forever.

Dude is a slang greeting term between men, meaning "guy" or "man." For example: "Dude! So, like, what's up?" It's been popularized by movies and TV shows, and has a distinctive whiff of American West Coast hippie culture to it.

In the American nineteenth century dude had another life as a term for a dandy — a particularly well-groomed and fancily-dressed young man. From this came the term of dude as meaning a big city dweller unfamiliar with the ways of the Wild West. When such types came out West to enjoy the rugged life, they stayed in "dude ranches," basically resorts or spas, not real working ranches, and the term is still around today.

Definitions of dude

  1. noun

    an informal form of address for a man
    synonyms:buster, fellow
  2. noun

    a man who is much concerned with his dress and appearance
    synonyms:beau, clotheshorse, dandy, fashion plate, fop, gallant, sheik, swell
    see moresee less
    examples:
    George Bryan Brummell

    English dandy who was a fashion leader during the Regency (1778-1840)

    types:
    cockscomb, coxcomb

    a conceited dandy who is overly impressed by his own accomplishments

    macaroni

    a British dandy in the 18th century who affected Continental mannerisms

    type of:
    adult male, man

    an adult person who is male (as opposed to a woman)

Sours: https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/dude
Horse Facts for Kids

Dude

For other uses, see Dude (disambiguation).

English slang for an individual

Dude is English slang (originally American English) for an individual, typically male.[1] From the 1870s to the 1960s, dude primarily meant a person who dressed in an extremely fashionable manner (a dandy) or a conspicuous citified person who was visiting a rural location, a "city slicker". In the 1960s, dude evolved to mean any male person, a meaning that slipped into mainstream American slang in the 1970s. Current slang retains at least some use of all three of these common meanings.[2]

History

The term "dude" may also have derived from the 18th-century word "doodle", as in "Yankee Doodle Dandy".[5]

In the popular press of the 1880s and 1890s, "dude" was a new word for "dandy"—an "extremely well-dressed male", a man who paid particular importance to his appearance. The café society and Bright Young Things of the late 1800s and early 1900s were populated with dudes. Young men of leisure vied to show off their wardrobes. The best known of this type is probably Evander Berry Wall, who was dubbed "King of the Dudes" in 1880s New York and maintained a reputation for sartorial splendor all his life. This meaning of the word, though rarely consciously known today, remains occasionally in some American slang, as in the phrase "all duded up" for getting dressed in fancy clothes.[6]

Among the first published descriptions defining "dude"; Chicago Tribune, 25 February 1883

The word was used to refer to American Easterners, specifically referring to a man with "store-bought clothes".[7] The word was used by cowboys to unfavorably refer to the city dwellers.[8]

A variation of this was a "well-dressed man who is unfamiliar with life outside a large city". In The Home and Farm Manual (1883), author Jonathan Periam used the term "dude" several times to denote an ill-bred and ignorant but ostentatious man from the city.[citation needed]

The implication of an individual who is unfamiliar with the demands of life outside of urban settings gave rise to the definition of dude as a "city slicker", or "an Easterner in the [American] West".[1] Thus "dude" was used to describe the wealthy men of the expansion of the United States during the 19th century by ranch-and-homestead-bound settlers of the American Old West. This use is reflected in the dude ranch, a guest ranch catering to urbanites seeking more rural experiences. Dude ranches began to appear in the American West in the early 20th century, for wealthy Easterners who came to experience the "cowboy life". The implicit contrast is with those persons accustomed to a given frontier, agricultural, mining, or other rural setting. This usage of "dude" was still in use in the 1950s in America, as a word for a tourist—of either gender—who attempts to dress like the local culture but fails.[9] An inverse of these uses of "dude" would be the term "redneck," a contemporary American colloquialism referring to poor farmers and uneducated persons, which itself became pejorative, and is also still in use.[10][11][12]

As the word gained popularity and reached the coasts of the U.S. and traveled between borders, variations of the slang began to pop up such as the female versions of dudette and dudines; however, they were short lived due to dude also gaining a neutral gender connotation and some linguists see the female versions as more artificial slang. The slang eventually had gradual decline in usage until the early to mid 20th century when other subcultures of the U.S. began using it more frequently while again deriving it from the type of dress and eventually using it as a descriptor for common male and sometimes female companions. Eventually, lower class schools with a greater mix of subcultures allowed the word to spread to almost all cultures and eventually up the class ladders to become common use in the U.S. By the late 20th to early 21st century, dude had gained the ability to be used in the form of expression, whether that be disappointment, excitement, or loving and it also widened to be able to refer to any general person no matter race, gender, or culture.[13]

The term was also used as a "job description", such as "bush hook dude" as a position on a railroad in the 1880s. For an example, see the Stampede Tunnel.[citation needed]

In the early 1960s, dude became prominent in surfer culture as a synonym of guy or fella. The female equivalent was "dudette" or "dudess". but these have both fallen into disuse and "dude" is now also used as a unisex term. This more general meaning of "dude" started creeping into the mainstream in the mid-1970s. "Dude", particularly in surfer and "bro" culture,[citation needed] is[when?] generally used informally to address someone ("Dude, I'm glad you finally called") or refer to another person ("I've seen that dude around here before").[14]

One of the first known references to the word in American film was in the 1969 movie Easy Rider where Wyatt (portrayed by Peter Fonda) explains to his cellmate lawyer (portrayed by Jack Nicholson) the definition of "dude": "Dude means nice guy; Dude means regular sort of person." The usage of the word to mean a "cool person" was further popularized in American films of the 1980s and 1990s such as Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure, Wayne's World, and Clerks.[15]

The 1998 film The Big Lebowski featured Jeff Bridges as "The Dude", described as a "lazy deadbeat". The character was largely inspired by activist and producer Jeff Dowd who has been called "Dude" since childhood.[16] The film's central character inspired the creation of Dudeism, a neoreligion.[17]

The 2000 film Dude, Where's My Car? uses the word in the title.

In 2008, Bud Light aired an advertising campaign in which the dialogue consists entirely of different inflections of "Dude!" and does not mention the product by name. It was a followup to their near-identical and more widely noted "Whassup?" campaign.[18][15]

On July 23, 2019 Boris Johnson popularized the word "dude" as an acronym for his Conservative Partyleadershipcampaign. In his leadership speech he explained it as referring to Deliver Brexit – Unite the country – Defeat Jeremy Corbyn – Energize the country.[19]

References

  1. ^ ab"Dude, Def. 2 – The Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved May 8, 2007.
  2. ^Winona Bullard; Shirley Johnson; Jerkeshea Morris; Kelly Fox; Cassie Howell. "Slang". Archived from the original on February 4, 2013.
  3. ^Bryk, William (June 22, 2005). "King of the Dudes". The New York Sun. Retrieved November 11, 2008.
  4. ^Jeffers, Harry Paul (2005). Diamond Jim Brady: Prince of the Gilded Age, p.45. John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 0-471-39102-6
  5. ^Okrent, Arika (November 5, 2013). "Mystery Solved: The Etymology of Dude". Slate. ISSN 1091-2339. Retrieved October 24, 2017.
  6. ^"duded up", McGraw-Hill Dictionary of American Idioms and Phrasal Verbs, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2002, retrieved October 10, 2012
  7. ^Heicher, Kathy (June 4, 2013). "Eagle County Characters: Historic Tales of a Colorado Mountain Valley". Arcadia Publishing – via Google Books.
  8. ^Ltd, Not Panicking. "h2g2 - The Word 'Dude' - Edited Entry". h2g2.com. Retrieved July 26, 2015.
  9. ^Robert Knoll (1952). "The meanings and etymologies of dude". American Speech. 27 (1): 20–22. doi:10.2307/453362. JSTOR 453362.
  10. ^Harold Wentworth, and Stuart Berg Flexner, Dictionary of American Slang (1975) p. 424.
  11. ^"Redneck". Dictionary.com.
  12. ^Barbara Ann Kipfer and Robert L. Chapman, American Slang (2008), p. 404.
  13. ^Hill, Richard A. (1994). "You've Come a Long Way, Dude: A History". American Speech. 69 (3): 321–327. doi:10.2307/455525. JSTOR 455525.
  14. ^Howell, Cassie. "Examples of Slang". Archived from the original on February 4, 2013. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
  15. ^ abPeters, Mark (April 25, 2010). "The History of the "Dude"". GOOD Worldwide, Inc. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  16. ^Raz, Guy (May 25, 2008). "The Dude: A Little Lebowski, Alive in All of Us". All Things Considered. National Public Radio. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  17. ^Ehrlich, Richard (March 20, 2013). "The man who founded a religion based on 'The Big Lebowski'". CNN Travel. CNN. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  18. ^Swansburg, John (January 28, 2008). "Dude! How great are those new Bud Light ads?". Slate. Retrieved March 10, 2008.
  19. ^"Dude! We are going to energise the country". BBC News. Retrieved December 12, 2019.

Further reading

Look up dude in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • Dude – By Kiesling, Scott F., Published in American Speech, Vol. 79, No. 3, Fall 2004, pp. 281–305
  • Dude, Where's My Dude? – Dudelicious Dissection, From Sontag to Spicoli, The New York Observer
  • [email protected]: "dude"
  • Material for the Study of Dude – The etymological origin of the word "dude" by Barry Popik, David Shulman, and Gerald Cohen. Originally published in Comments on Etymology, October 1993, Vol. 23, No. 1
  • Hill, Richard A. (Autumn 1994). "You've Come a Long Way, Dude: A History". American Speech. Duke University Press. 69 (3): 321–327. doi:10.2307/455525. JSTOR 455525.
  • Gould, J. J. (November 2013). "A Brief History of Dude". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dude

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