|Scientific name||Hoplobatrachus chinensis|
|Chinese name||虎紋蛙 (田雞)|
|Common name||Chinese Bullfrog|
|Size||8 - 13 cm|
Habitat and Ecology
|Habitat||Cultivated fields, ponds and slow-moving streams.|
|Diet||Frogs, small rodents and insects.|
|Breeding period||May to June|
|Larvae||Very large; dark grey.|
|Egg||Eggs form a cluster floating on water.|
Distribution and Conservation
Declining population due to loss of habitat and hunting pressure for food. Distributed in New Territories (e.g. Wu Kau Tang, Ho Chung) and Lantau Island (e.g. Pui O and Mui Wo).
Widespread in central and southern China , and Thailand .
Conservation status (IUCN)
The East Asian bullfrog (Hoplobatrachus rugulosus) is a species of frog in the Dicroglossidae family. It is found in Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, Laos, Macau, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural habitats are freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, arable land, pasture land, rural gardens, urban areas, ponds, aquaculture ponds, open excavations, irrigated land, seasonally flooded agricultural land, and canals and ditches. They breed in spring–early summer. The domesticated Thai variety and wild Chinese populations of H. rugulosus belong to two separate genetic lineages respectively. Yu et al. (2015) suggests that H. rugulosus may in fact be a cryptic species complex.
Chinese edible frog
Species of amphibian
For the vulnerable species of frog, see Chinese edible frog (Quasipaa).
"Taiwanese frog" redirects here. For other frog species found in Taiwan, see Frogs of Taiwan.
The Chinese edible frog, East Asian bullfrog, or Taiwanese frog (Hoplobatrachus rugulosus) is a species of frog in the family Dicroglossidae. It is found in Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, Laos, Macau, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural habitats are freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, arable land, pasture land, rural gardens, urban areas, ponds, aquaculture ponds, open excavations, irrigated land, seasonally flooded agricultural land, and canals and ditches. They breed in spring–early summer.
The domesticated Thai variety and wild Chinese populations of H. rugulosus belong to two separate genetic lineages respectively. Yu et al. (2015) suggest that H. rugulosus may in fact be a cryptic speciescomplex.
H. rugulosus is a large, robust frog, up to 12 centimetres (4+1⁄2 inches) or more in snout-vent length. Females are larger than males. They are primarily insectivores.
The Chinese edible frog is commonly referred to as 田雞 ("field chicken") or 虎皮蛙 ("tiger-skinned frog") in Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Macau, and Chinese communities worldwide. In Filipino, they are called "palakang bukid," which means "frog of the field."
The frogs are commonly found in wet markets, seafood markets, and pet stores. In wet markets, they are usually sold per piece or per kilogram. The medium-sized frogs are sold as pets in pet stores, and the smaller variant is sold as live food for arowanas. They are widely farmed in Sichuan, China, Malaysia, and Thailand.
These frogs, though much smaller than their Western counterparts, are used by Chinese to cook frog legs and by Filipinos who cook them for adobo dishes. The frog's forelimbs and hind legs are fried in oil, while in the adobo method (in which the entire frog is utilized), they are cooked in soy sauce and vinegar.
- ^ abArvin Diesmos; Peter Paul van Dijk; Robert Inger; Djoko Iskandar; Michael Wai Neng Lau; Zhao Ermi; Lu Shunqing; Geng Baorong; Lue Kuangyang; Yuan Zhigang; et al. (2004). "Hoplobatrachus rugulosus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T58300A11760194. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58300A11760194.en.
- ^ abLue, Kuang-Yang. "Hoplobatrachus rugulosus". BiotaTaiwanica. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- ^ abYu D, Zhang J, Li P, Zheng R, Shao C (2015) Do Cryptic Species Exist in Hoplobatrachus rugulosus? An Examination Using Four Nuclear Genes, the Cyt b Gene and the Complete MT Genome. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0124825. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0124825
- ^Lin, Z.; Ji, X. (2005). "Sexual dimorphism in morphological traits and food habits in tiger frogs, Hoplobatrachus rugulosus in Lishui, Zhejiang"(PDF). Zoological Research. 26 (3): 255–262.
English name: Chinese Edible Frog (aka “Chinese Bullfrog”, “Taiwanese Frog”)
Scientific name: Hoplobatrachus rugulosus (formerly known as Rana rugulosa)
Thai name: Kob Na, Kob nu
Description: To 16cm long. The largest frog in the Bangkok area, rivaled only by the Common Indian Toad. Heavy-bodied with distinct ridges in the dorsal skin. Body is olive-brown or gray. Legs are powerful, and feet are fully webbed. Underside is cream, sometimes with dark spotting.
Tadpoles are large, easily growing over 5cm. They are brown in color.
Call: A loud call that has been described as “auk auk”.
Similar Species:Asian Grass Frog is smaller, more slender, and often has a dorsal stripe.
Brackish Frog is smaller and has more slender legs
Common Indian Toad has shorter legs, a blunter and broader head, and has the characteristic “warts” of a toad rather than raised ridges.
Habitat: Found in still water bodies such as lakes, manmade ponds, ditches, rice paddies, and marshes. In Thailand I have found them in decorative fishponds, park ponds, and temple lakes. Almost always seen in or on the edge of water.
Place in the ecosystem: Eats insects, smaller frogs, and small rodents. The tadpoles feed on smaller tadpoles of other species. May be eaten by large birds, snakes, and monitors.
Danger to humans: No danger to humans.
Conservation status and threats: The Chinese Edible Frog is a Class II protected species in China and Taiwan, The IUCN Red List lists it as “Least Concern” due to their wide distribution and tolerance of a range of habitats. Though they are often collected for food, their populations appear to be able to handle the current level of exploitation. Personally, in Thailand I have only found them in manmade water bodies. The Chinese Edible Frog has been introduced to Malaysia and the Philippines.
Interesting facts: As their name should suggest, Chinese Edible Frogs are the most commonly eaten frog in Thailand. Containers of the frog for sale can be found in most outdoor Bangkok markets, and their presence in city ponds and temple lakes is likely due to the release of market-bought frogs.
The IUCN Red List: Hoplobatrachus rugulosus
Observations on Geographical Variation in the Asian frog, Hoplobatrachus rugulosus
A Field Guide to the Amphibians of Cambodia
Travellers’ Wildlife Guides: Thailand
Asian bullfrog east
This is a vigorous blend of Triple Cologne with Cucumber Lotion (booze and snack in one bottle). He says that he ate the "Cheburashka" cologne in the army, but complained that it tasted "plastic" and then heartburn tormented me. No matter how Boa persuaded me to "slap the funfirik", I, with all due respect to him, refused, admiring his courage and strength of the stomach.
But we consumed the "rubella" together. And so, somehow over a bottle of "Anna Palna", called Anapa in the world, Boa announced his acquaintance with a charming girl.East Asian bullfrog eating sausage hot dog in pool
I have nothing, Mavrin said sadly. Let's join together, Lena suggested. You pay and we walk And now the vibrator is back on the shelf, I forbid taking it without permission.
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Guests came to the castle. There were quite a few of them, although most likely the bulk of them were servants. I watched the herald introduce the guests to the lord of the castle and the lord of the city of El Rajass from around the corner.