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Food bank

Non-profit, charitable organization that distributes food

A food bank is a non-profit, charitable organization that distributes food to those who have difficulty purchasing enough to avoid hunger.

Some food banks operate on the "front line" model, giving out food directly to the hungry, such as many European ones. Others operate on the "warehouse" model, supplying food to intermediaries like food pantries, soup kitchens and other front-line organisations, such as in Nepal, North America and Australia.

St. Mary's Food Bank was the world's first food bank, established in the US in Since then, many thousands have been set up all over the world. In Europe, which until recently had little need for food banks due to extensive welfare systems, their numbers grew rapidly after the global increase in the price of food which began in late , and especially after the financial crisis of –08 began to worsen economic conditions for those on low incomes.

The growth of food banks has been welcomed by commentators who see them as examples of an active, caring citizenship. Other academics and commentators have expressed concern that the rise of foodbanks may erode political support for welfare provision. Researchers have reported that in some cases food banks can be inefficient compared with state-run welfare, and that some people feel ashamed at having to use them.

Operational models[edit]

With thousands of food banks operating around the world, there are many different models.[1]

A major distinction between food banks is whether or not they operate on the "front line" model, giving out food directly to the hungry, or whether they operate with the "warehouse" model, supplying food to intermediaries like food pantries, soup kitchens and other front-line organisations.[2] In the US, Australia and to an extent in Canada, the standard model is for food banks to act as warehouses rather than as suppliers to the end user, though there are exceptions. In other countries, food banks usually do hand out food parcels direct to hungry people, providing the service that in the US is offered by food pantries.

Another distinction is between the charity model and the labour union model. At least in Canada and the US, food banks run by charities often place relatively more weight on the salvaging of food that would otherwise go to waste, and on encouraging voluntarism, whereas those run by unions can place greater emphasis on feeding the hungry by any means available, on providing work for the unemployed, and on education, especially on explaining to users their civil rights.[3]

In the US, cities will often have a single food bank which acts as a centralized warehouse and will serve several hundred front line agencies. Like a blood bank, that warehouse serves as a single collection and distribution point for food donations. A food bank operates a lot like a for-profit food distributor, but in this case it distributes food to charities, not to food retailers. There is often no charge to the charities, but some food banks do charge a small "shared maintenance" fee to help defray the cost of storage and distribution.

For many US food banks, most of their donated food comes from food left over from the normal processes of for-profit companies. It can come from any part of the food chain, e.g. from growers who have produced too much or whose food is not sufficiently visually appealing; from manufacturers who overproduced; or from retailers who over-ordered. Often the product is approaching or past its "sell by" date. In such cases, the food bank liaises with the food industry and with regulators to make sure the food is safe and legal to distribute and eat.

Volunteers weigh food drive donations.

Other sources of food include the general public, sometimes in the form of "food drives", and government programs that buy and distribute excess farm products mostly to help support higher commodity prices. Food banks can also buy food either at market prices or from wholesalers and retailers at discounted prices, often at cost. Sometimes farmers will allow food banks to send gleaners to salvage leftover crops for free once their primary harvest is complete. A few food banks have even taken over their own farms, though such initiatives have not always been successful.[4]

Many food banks don't accept fresh produce, preferring canned or packaged food due to health and safety concerns, though some have tried to change this as part of a growing worldwide awareness of the importance of nutrition. As an example, in , London Food Bank (Canada) started accepting perishable food, reporting that as well as the obvious health benefits, there were noticeable emotional benefits to recipients when they were given fresh food.[5]

Summer can be a challenging time for food banks, particularly in regions where school children are usually given regular free meals during term time. Spikes in demand can coincide with periods where donations fall due to folk being on holiday.[6][7]

North America[edit]


In the U.S. and sometimes in Canada, food banks don't typically give food directly to the hungry. Instead they act as warehouses, supplying front-line agencies like this Californian soup kitchen. (Picture taken in , and shows members of the United States Navyserving visitors.)

In the U.S. and sometimes in Canada, food banks don't typically give food direct to the hungry. Instead they act as warehouses, supplying front-line agencies like this Californian soup kitchen. (Picture taken in , and shows members of the United States Navy serving visitors.) The world's first food bank was St. Mary's Food Bank in Phoenix, Arizona, founded by John van Hengel in [1] According to sociology professor Janet Poppendieck, hunger within the US was widely considered to be a solved problem until the mids.[8] By the mid-sixties, several states had ended the free distribution of federal food surpluses, instead providing an early form of food stamps which had the benefit of allowing recipients to choose food of their liking, rather than having to accept whatever happened to be in surplus at the time. However, there was a minimum charge and some people could not afford the stamps, leading to severe hunger.[8]

One response from American society to the rediscovery of hunger was to step up the support provided by soup kitchens and similar civil society food relief agencies – some of these dated back to the Great Depression and earlier. In , while volunteering for a community dining room, van Hengel learned that grocery stores often had to throw away food that had damaged packaging or was near expiration. He started collecting that food for the dining room but soon had too much for that one program. He thought of creating a central location from which any agency can receive donations. Described as a classic case of "if you build it they will come",[9] the first food bank was created with the help of St. Mary's Basilica, which became the namesake of the organization.[10] Food banks spread across the United States, and to Canada. By , van Hengel had established the organization known today as Feeding America. As of the early 21st century, their network of over food banks provides support for 90, projects. Other large networks exist such as AmpleHarvest.org, created by CNN Hero and World Food Prize nominee Gary Oppenheimer which lists nearly 9, food pantries (1 out of every 4 in America) across all 50 states that are eager to receive surplus locally grown garden produce from any of America's 62 million home or community gardeners.[8][11]

In the s, U.S. food banks began to grow rapidly. A second response to the "rediscovery" of hunger in the mid-sixties had been extensive lobbying of politicians to improve welfare. Until the s, this approach had greater impact.[8] In the s, U.S. federal expenditure on hunger relief grew by about %, with food stamps distributed free of charge to those in greatest need. According to Poppendieck, welfare was widely considered preferable to grass roots efforts, as the latter could be unreliable, did not give recipients consumer-style choice in the same way as did food stamps, and risked recipients feeling humiliated by having to turn to charity. In the early s, president Reagan's administration scaled back welfare provision, leading to a rapid rise in activity from grass roots hunger relief agencies. According to a comprehensive government survey completed in , over 90% of food banks were established in the US after [8][12] Poppendieck says that for the first few years after the change, there was vigorous opposition from the left, who argued that state welfare was much more suitable for meeting recipients needs. But in the decades that followed, food banks have become an accepted part of America's response to hunger.[8][13] Demand for the services of US food bank increased further in the late s, after the "end of welfare as we know it" with President Clinton's Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act.[14] In Canada, foodbanks underwent a period of rapid growth after the cutbacks in welfare that took place in the mids.[3] As early as the s, food banks had also begun to spread from the United States to the rest of the world. The first European food bank was founded in France during In the s and early s, food banks were established in South America, Africa, and Asia, in several cases with van Hengel acting as a consultant.[10] In , The Global FoodBanking Network was formed.[1][15]

Food aid for pets[edit]

Some U.S. cities have organizations that provide dog and cat food for pets whose owners qualify for food assistance. For example, Daffy's Pet Soup Kitchen in Lawrenceville, Georgia is considered the largest pet food aid agency in Georgia, distributing over , pounds of dog and cat food in [16]Daffy's Pet Soup Kitchen was started in by Tom Wargo, a repairman who was working in an elderly woman's home when he noticed her sharing her Meals On Wheels lunch with her pet cat because she could not afford cat food.[16] Daffy's was one of seven non-profits recognized by Barefoot Wine in through a $10, donation and by being featured on labels of the vintner's Impression Red Blend wines.[16] Pet Buddies Food Pantry in Atlanta, Georgia is another example of an establishment that provides food aid for pets.[16] The St. Augustine Humane Society in St. Augustine, Florida, distributes over 1, pounds of pet food each month to families who are experiencing economic hardship and cannot afford to feed their pets.[citation needed]

Food pantries for students[edit]

The College and University Food Bank Alliance, which formed in , has campus food pantries nationwide.[17] On-campus food pantries were available at 70% of State University of New York locations by [18]

After financial crisis[edit]

Following the financial crisis of –08, and the lasting inflation in the price of food that began in late , there has been a further increase in the number of individuals requesting help from American and Canadian food banks. By , according to Food Banks Canada, over , Canadians needed help from a food bank each month.[19][20] For the United States, Gleaners Indiana Food bank reported in that there were then 50&#;million Americans struggling with food insecurity (about 1 in 6 of the population), with the number of individuals seeking help from food banks having increased by 46% since [21] According to a UCLA Center for Health Policy Research study, there has been a 40% increase in demand for Californian food banks since , with married couples who both work sometimes requiring the aid of food banks.[22] Dave Krepcho, director of the Second Harvest Food Bank in Orlando, has said that college-educated professional couples have begun to turn to food pantries.[23]

By mid, US food banks had expressed concerns on the expected difficulty in feeding the hungry over the coming months. Rapidly rising demand has been coinciding with higher food prices and with a decrease in donations, partly as the food industry is becoming more efficient and so has less mislabelled and other slightly defective food to give away. Also there has been less surplus federal food on offer.[24] Additionally, there have been recent decreases in federal funding, and Congress have been debating possible further cuts, including potentially billions of dollars from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (food stamp programme).[25][26][27] In September , Feeding America launched Hunger Action Month, with events planned all over the nation. Food banks and other agencies involved hoped to raise awareness that about one in six Americans are struggling with hunger, and to get more Americans involved in helping out.[28][29]


The first European food bank was opened in France in [1] The first food bank in Italy was established in Similar to the UK's experience, foodbanks have become much more common across continental Europe since the crisis that began in , and especially since austerity measures began to take effect from late, after the Conservative-Lib Dem coalition launched their austerity programme to cut billions of pounds in public expenditure.[13]

In Spain, food banks can operate on the warehouse model, supplying a network of surrounding soup kitchens and other food relief agencies. The Spanish federation of food banks&#;[es] helped to feed about , people during –11, according to the Carrefour Foundation.[30] By October , Spain had 55 food banks in total, with the numbers who depend on them having increased to &#;million.[31]

In Belgium, food banks helped about , people during That was an increase of about 4, compared with , the biggest increase since the start of the crisis. Belgian food banks account for about 65% of all food aid given out within the country.[32]

The number of food banks has increased rapidly in Germany, a country that has weathered the crisis relatively well, and has not needed to implement severe austerity measures. In , professor Sabine Pfeiffer of Munich University of Applied Sciences said there has been an "explosion" of food bank usage.[13]

Most Deprived Persons programme[edit]

While many European food banks have long been run by civil society with no government assistance, an EU funded project, the Most deprived persons programme (MDP), had specialised in supplying food to marginalised people who are not covered by the benefit system, who were in some cases reluctant to approach the more formal food banks. The programme involved the EU buying surplus agricultural products, which were then distributed to the poor largely by Catholic churches. The MDP was wound down in late, and was replaced by the Fund for European Aid to Most Deprived (FEAD), which is set to run until at least The FEAD programme has a wider scope than the MDP, helping deprived people not just with food aid, but with social inclusion projects and housing. The actual methods employed by FEAD tend to vary from country to country, but in several EU states, such as Poland, its activities include helping to fund local food bank networks.[13][33][34][35]

United Kingdom[edit]

Barnet Food Hub, supplying food banks in the London Borough of Barnet. March

Research published in found there were over 2, UK food banks, with being independent of the Trussell network.[38]

Professor Jon May, of Queen Mary University of London and the Independent Food Aid Network, said statistics showed rapid rise in numbers of food banks during the last five years.

"There are now food banks in almost every community, from the East End of London to the Cotswolds. The spread of food banks maps growing problems of poverty across the UK, but also the growing drive among many thousands of people across the country to try and do something about those problems".[39]

Though foodbanks were rarely seen in the UK in the second half of the twentieth century, their use has started to grow, especially in the s, and have since dramatically expanded.[citation needed] The increase in the dependency on food banks has been blamed[by whom?] on the recession and the Conservative government's austerity policies.[40] These policies included cuts to the welfare state and caps on the total amount of welfare support that a family can claim.[citation needed] The OECD found that people answering yes to the question 'Have there been times in the past 12 months when you did not have enough money to buy food that you or your family needed?' decreased from % in to % in ,[41] leading some[who?] to say that the rise was due to both more awareness of food banks, and Jobcentres referring people to food banks when they were hungry.[42]

Rachel Loopstra, lecturer on nutrition at King’s College London and food insecurity expert, said:

“Recent national survey data suggests that 8% of adults experienced not having enough money for food over – this figure is likely to be many times more than the number helped by food banks. We need ongoing national survey monitoring to understand the scale of food insecurity, who is at risk, and the implications for child and adult health and wellbeing.”[39]

Those who are short of food are likely to frequently also be short of other essential products, like shampoo and basic hygiene products (e.g. soap, toilet roll and sanitary products). Some people must choose between buying food and buying basic toiletries.[43]

As of January , there were close to 1, UK food banks. The largest group co-ordinating UK foodbanks was The Trussell Trust, a Christian charity based in Salisbury. About 43% of the UK's foodbanks were run by Trussell, about 20% by smaller church networks such as Besom and Basic,[44] about 31% were independent, and about 4% were run by secular food bank networks such as Fare Share and Food Cycle.[45]

Before the credit crunch, food banks were "almost unheard of" in the UK.[46] In , Trussell only ran two food banks,[47][48] but by –08, there were 22 food banks in the Trussell Trust Foodbank Network and by early, the Trussell Trust supported As of May , they had By August, The rate of increase had been rising rapidly. In , about one new food bank was being opened per week. In early, about two were being opened every week. By July, the Trussell Trust had reported that the rate of new openings had increased to three per week. In August, the rate of new openings spiked at four per week, with three new food banks being opened in that month for Nottingham alone. By October , the rate of increase had fallen back to about two or three per week.[49][50][51][52][53][54]

Most UK food banks are hosted by churches in partnership with the wider community. They operate on the "frontline" model, giving out food directly to the hungry. Over 90% of the food given out is donated by the public, including schools, churches, businesses and individuals. The Trussell Trust had aimed to provide short-term support for people whose needs have not yet been addressed by official state welfare provision; those who had been "falling into the cracks in the system". The Trussell franchise has procedures which aim to prevent long-term dependency on their services, and to ensure that those in need are referred to qualified outside agencies. The charity suggests that the credit crunch caused an upsurge in the number of people needing emergency food. Since , demand for foodbanks continued to increase, and at a more rapid rate, partly as austerity began to take effect, and partly as those on low incomes began to draw down savings and run out of friends of whom they were willing to ask for help. Unlike soup kitchens,[a] most, but not all UK food banks are unable to help people who come in off the street without a referral – instead they operate with a referral system. Vouchers are handed out to those in need by various sorts of frontline care professionals, such as social workers, health visitors, Citizens Advice Bureaux, Jobcentres and housing officials. The voucher can typically be exchanged at the food bank for a package of food sufficient to last three days. The year to April saw close to , referrals to Trussell Trust foodbanks, more than double the amount from the previous year.[55]

A number of food banks have been set up outside of the Trussell system, some faith-based, others secular,[39] in part as they do not like having to turn away people without referrals, although Trussell Trust foodbanks do help clients in need without vouchers to get one as quickly as possible. There is also FareShare, a London-based charity which operates some nineteen depots on the American-style warehouse model. Rather than giving out food directly to individuals, FareShare distributes food to over smaller agencies, mainly smaller independent operations like soup kitchens and breakfast clubs.[47][49][50][51][56][57][58] Great emphasis is placed on reducing food waste as well as relieving food poverty. Fareshare operates on a business basis, employing a number of managers to oversee operations alongside their army of volunteers. Employee costs constituted over 50% of their expenditure in both and [59]

People who turn to food banks are typically grateful both for the food and for the warmth and kindness they receive from the volunteers.[48] However, sometimes food banks have run out of supplies by the time they arrive.[51] Some find it humiliating to have to ask for food, and that the packages they receive do not always seem nutritious.[48] Some food banks have tried to respond with innovative programmes; London Street Foodbank for example began asking donors to send in supermarket vouchers so that those they serve will be able to choose food that best meets their nutritional needs.[48][51][60][61]

The Trussell Trust revealed a 47% increase in number of three-day emergency supplies provided by their foodbanks in December compared to the monthly average for –17 financial year.[62] Public donations in December meant foodbanks met the increased need in that month, but donations in January, February and March all fell below the monthly average of tonnes for the financial year.

Although going for a few years by various small charities around the world, saw a significant increase in media coverage and take up of the reverse advent calendar. The UK Money bloggers campaign[63] encouraging the public to give something to a food bank every day for 25 days was covered by The Mirror,[64]The Guardian[65] and others. Emma Revie of the Trussell Trust said, "for too many people staying above water is a daily struggle".[66]

Food bank use has increased since Universal Credit was implemented as part of the Welfare Reform Act Delays in providing the first payment force claimants to use food banks, also Universal Credit does not provide enough to cover basic living expenses. Claiming Universal Credit is complex and the system is hard to navigate, many claimants cannot afford internet access and cannot access online help with claiming. A report by the Trussell Trust says:

"Rather than acting as a service to ensure people do not face destitution, the evidence suggests that for people on the very lowest incomes … the poor functioning of universal credit can actually push people into a tide of bills, debts and, ultimately, lead them to a food bank. People are falling through the cracks in a system not made to hold them. What little support available is primarily offered by the third sector, whose work is laudable, but cannot be a substitute for a real, nationwide safety net."[67]

UK food banks appealed for volunteers and supplies, fearing an increase in demand for food as Universal Credit was rolled out further.[68]

Comparison to other countries[edit]

Food bank use in Germany and France is much higher than in the United Kingdom. In , 1,, people used food banks once a week in Germany.[69][70]

UK food bank users[edit]

Ambox current red Asia Australia.svg

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(September )

See also: Hunger in the United Kingdom

According to a May report by Oxfam and Church Action on Poverty, about half a million Britons had used food banks. The Trussell Trust reports that their food banks alone helped feed , people in –[71][72] Numbers using food banks more than doubled during the period –[73]"Foodbanks help prevent crime, housing loss, family breakdown and mental health problems." Reasons why people have difficulty getting enough to eat include redundancy, sickness, delays over receiving benefits, domestic violence, family breakdown, debt, and additional fuel costs in winter.[74] Some clients of foodbanks are in work but cannot afford everything they need due to low pay.[75]

Close to half of those needing to use food banks have had issues with their benefit payments. Sanctioning benefits was the single most frequent reason for food bank referrals and there has been criticism over sanctions being imposed for allegedly spurious reasons.[76]

A joint report from the Trussell Trust, the Church of England, and the charities Oxfam and Child Poverty Action Group found that food bank users were more likely to live in rented accommodation, be single adults or lone parents, be unemployed, and have experienced a “sanction”, where their unemployment benefits were cut for at least one month[77]

Delays in payment of housing benefit,[78]disability benefit[79] and other benefits [80] and general bureaucratic issues with benefits[81] can force people to use food banks. Many further people who need food banks have low-income jobs, but struggle to afford food after making debt repayments and all other expenses. Low-paid workers, part-time workers and those with zero-hour contracts are particularly vulnerable to financial crisis and sometimes need the assistance of food banks.[82] As had been predicted, demand for food banks further increased after cuts to welfare came into effect in April , which included the abolition of Crisis loans.[83] In April , Trussell reported that they had handed out , food parcels in the last year, up from , the year before. Several councils have begun looking at funding food banks to increase their capability, as cuts to their budgets mean they will be less able to help vulnerable people directly.[84][85][86]

Sabine Goodwin, Independent Food Aid Network researcher, said most food bank workers reported increasing demand for food aid.

"Many feel they are firefighting, finding a way to deal with the logistics of feeding more and more people, with no time to advocate for changes that would eradicate the need for food banks in the first place."[39]

UK government[edit]

According to an all-party parliamentary report released in December , key reasons for the increased demand for UK foodbanks are delays in paying benefits, welfare sanctions, and the recent reversal of the post-WWII trend for poor people's incomes to rise above or in line with increased costs for housing, utility bills and food.[87][88][89]

In , the UK Government blocked a £22,, European Union fund to help finance food banks in the UK. This disappointed LabourMEP, Richard Howitt, who assisted in negotiating the fund. Howitt stated:

It is very sad that our government is opposing this much-needed help for foodbanks on the basis that it is a national responsibility, when in reality it has no intention of providing the help itself. The only conclusion is that Conservative anti-European ideology is being put before the needs of the most destitute and deprived in our society.[90]

Haroon Siddiqui said that the rise in food bank use coincided with the imposition of austerity and feels the government are reluctant to admit the obvious link. Siddiqui said that during the general election campaign, ConservativePrime Minister, Theresa May was asked about even nurses (then subject to a 1% annual pay freeze) using food banks and May merely replied, "There are many complex reasons why people go to food banks." Siddiqui wrote further, "() the reasons people turn to food banks are quite plain (and there have been studies that support them). The Trussell Trust, the UK's biggest food bank network, has said that they help people with "nowhere else to turn". Earlier [in ] it said that food banks in areas where the full Universal Credit service had been in place for 12 months or more were four times as busy.[91]

Then-UK Prime Minister David Cameron said in the House of Commons in that he welcomed the efforts of food banks.[92]Caroline Spelman, his Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, has described food banks as an "excellent example" of active citizenship.[93] Labour MP Kate Green has a different view, feeling that the rise of food banks reflects people being let down by the state welfare system, saying: "I feel a real burning anger about them People are very distressed at having to ask for food; it's humiliating and distressing."[51]Cookerywriter and poverty campaigner Jack Monroe wrote that those referred to food banks or given vouchers were "the lucky ones with a good doctor or health visitor who knows us well enough to recognise that something has gone seriously wrong" and expressed concern for those who lack this support.[94]

Food banks need extra donations during the summer holidays because school children do not receive free school meals during that time. The rising cost of living and the rollout of Universal Credit are also blamed.[by whom?][95]


As of , there were over food banks in Germany, up from just 1 in [96] In , &#;million people a week used food banks in Germany.[69][needs update]


In total, around &#;million people rely on food banks in France.[97] One provider, the Banque Alimentaire has over branches in France, serving &#;million meals a year to &#;million people.[98]


Several Asian places have begun to use food banks; these include Nepal, South Korea, Japan and Taiwan.[99]


Delhi Food Bank is an organization that feeds, empowers and transforms lives in the New Delhi–NCR Region. They hold that their shared capabilities can make the basic aspiration of universal access to food a reality. They attempt to pursue this vision through high quality and standards for processes leveraged by technology to get the right aid to the right people at the right time.[]

Hong Kong[edit]

The first food bank in Hong Kong is Feeding Hong Kong. It was founded in []Food Angel is also a food bank in Hong Kong.[]


The Egyptian Food Bank was established in Cairo in , and less than ten years later, food banks run on similar principles spread to other Arab countries in North Africa and the Middle East.[]

In Sub-Saharan Africa, there are charity-run food banks that operate on a semi-commercial system that differs from both the more common "warehouse" and "frontline" models. In some rural LDCs such as Malawi, food is often relatively cheap and plentiful for the first few months after the harvest, but then becomes more and more expensive. Food banks in those areas can buy large amounts of food shortly after the harvest, and then as food prices start to rise, they sell it back to local people throughout the year at well below market prices. Such food banks will sometimes also act as centres to provide small holders and subsistence farmers with various forms of support.[]

Formed in , FoodBank South Africa (FoodBank SA) is South Africa's national foodbanking network and a member of The Global FoodBanking Network. FoodBank SA's vision is "A South Africa without hunger and malnutrition".[]


Since the s foodbanking has spread around the world. There are over 30 countries with active food bank groups under the umbrella of The Global FoodBanking Network.[] Countries in the international network include Australia, Israel, Turkey, Russia, India, Taiwan, Colombia, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Guatemala, South Africa, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and the UK. There are also several countries with foodbanks but which have not yet joined the network, either as they do not yet meet the required criteria or as they have not applied.[99][]


Olivier De Schutter, a senior United Nationsofficial, has cautioned Europe against allowing food banks to become a permanent partial replacement for welfare provision, as is the case in the U.S. and Canada.

The rise of food banks has been broadly welcomed. Not only do they provide a solution to the problem of hunger that does not require resources from the state, but they can be viewed as evidence of increasing community spirit and of active, caring citizenship. In the UK for example, Patrick Butler, society editor for The Guardian, has written that the rise of foodbanks has been most enthusiastically welcomed by the right, but also by many on the left of the political spectrum, who were often "nervously excited" about them.[]

There has also been concern expressed about food banks by some researchers and politicians. Drawing on the United States's experience after the rapid rise of food banks in the s, American sociology professor Janet Poppendieck warned that the rise of food banks can contribute to a long-term erosion of human rights and support for welfare systems. Once food banks become well established, it can be politically impossible to return responsibility for meeting the needs of hungry people to the state. Poppendieck says that the logistics of running food banks can be so demanding that they prevent kind-hearted people from having time to participate in public policy advocacy; yet she also says if they can be encouraged to lobby politicians for long-term changes that would help those on low income, they often have considerable credibility with legislators. As of ,[needs update] senior US food banks workers have expressed a preference to remain politically neutral, which political activists have suggested may relate to their sources of funding.[13][][][75][]

The emergence of "Little Free Food Pantries" and "Blessing Boxes," modeled on the "Little Free Libraries" boxes, has been criticized as feel-good local philanthropy which is too small to make a significant impact on hunger, for its lack of access to fresh foods, for food safety concerns, and as a public relations effort by Tyson Foods, which seeks to cut federal SNAP food assistance in the US.[]

Rachel Loopstra from University of Toronto has said foodbanks are often inefficient, unreliable and unable to supply nutritional food. She said a survey in Toronto found that only 1 in 5 families suffering from food insecurity would turn to food banks, in part as there is a stigma associated with having to do so.[] Elizabeth Dowler, Professor of Food & Social Policy at Warwick University, said that most British people prefer the state to take responsibility for helping the hungry. Hannah Lambie-Mumford, from Sheffield University, echoed the view that some users of food banks find having to ask for food humiliating, and also that food banks volunteers should be encouraged to advocate for long-term solutions to the underlying causes of poverty and hunger.[13][47][60]

Olivier De Schutter, a senior United Nations official charged with ensuring governments honour their obligation to safeguard their citizen's right to food, has expressed alarm at the rise of food banks. He has reminded the governments of the advanced economies in Europe and Canada that they have a "duty to protect" their citizens from hunger, and suggested that leaving such an obligation to food banks may be an abuse of human rights.[20][][]

Other criticism expresses alarm at "transnational corporate food banking which construct[s] domestic hunger as a matter for charity, thereby allowing indifferent and austerity-minded governments to ignore increasing poverty and food insecurity and their moral, legal and political obligations, under international law, to realize the right to food."[]

See also[edit]


  1. ^Soup kitchens will typically feed anyone if they have food available, but they can often only provide a single meal. A food bank on the other hand will typically give a package of food sufficient to last for several days.[citation needed]

Further reading[edit]

  • Canice Prendergast. "How Food Banks Use Markets to Feed the Poor." Journal of Economic Perspectives 31(4): –


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  3. ^ abGraham Riches (). "passim, see esp. Models of Food Banks". Food banks and the welfare crisis. Lorimer. ISBN&#;.
  4. ^Elizabeth Henderson and Robyn Van En (). "Chapt 19". Sharing the Harvest: A Citizen's Guide to Community Supported Agriculture. Chealsea Green Publishing. ISBN&#;.
  5. ^Ian Gillespie (17 July ). "How to produce results". London Free Press. Retrieved 18 July
  6. ^Lexi Bainas (11 July ). "Students swell summer demand for food banks". Canada.com. Retrieved 12 July
  7. ^Tracy Agnew (11 July ). "Food banks struggle during summer". Suffolk news herald. Retrieved 12 July
  8. ^ abcdefJanet Poppendieck (). "Introduction, Chpt 1". Sweet Charity?: Emergency Food and the End of Entitlement. Penguine. ISBN&#;.
  9. ^Leslie Crutchfield and Heather McLeod Grant (). "Chpt 3". Forces for Good: The Six Practices of High-Impact Nonprofits. Jossey-Bass. ISBN&#;.
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  13. ^ abcdef"Household food security in the global north: challenges and responsibilities"(PDF). Warwick University. 6 July Archived from the original(PDF) on 12 January Retrieved 23 August
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  16. ^ abcdOliviero, Helena. (25 February ). Pet food charity earns recognition for its work. Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 26 February
  17. ^Esch, Mary (18 April ). "On-campus food pantries help struggling students succeed in school". Christian Science Monitor. ISSN&#; Retrieved 23 November
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  23. ^Tim Skillern (23 August ). "Going hungry in America: 'Distressing,' 'humbling' and 'scary'". Yahoo!. Retrieved 24 August
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  39. ^ abcdReport reveals scale of food bank use in the UKThe Guardian
  40. ^"Nothing Left in the Cupboards". Human Rights Watch. 20 May Retrieved 8 March
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  46. ^Frazer Maude, Sky News (21 April ). "One Food Bank Opening In UK Every Four Days". Yahoo!. Retrieved 23 August
  47. ^ abcHannah Lambie-Mumford (11 November ). "The Trussell Trust Foodbank Network: Exploring the Growth of Foodbanks Across the UK"(PDF). Coventry University. The Trussell Trust. Archived from the original(PDF) on 12 January Retrieved 23 August
  48. ^ abcd"On the breadline: Foodbanks". University of Sheffield. 5 February Archived from the original on 12 January Retrieved 23 August
  49. ^ abRowenna Davis (12 May ). "The rise and rise of the food bank". New Statesman. Retrieved 18 June
  50. ^ abHelen Carter (25 June ). "Food banks: 'People would rather go without and feed their children first'". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 June
  51. ^ abcdeAmelia Gentleman (18 July ). "Food banks: a life on handouts". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 August
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  53. ^Declan Harvey (30 August ). "Demand from emergency food banks is 'still rising'". BBC News. Retrieved 30 August
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  55. ^Esther Bintliff (24 April ). "More hard-up Britons turn to food banks". The Financial Times. Retrieved 24 April
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  57. ^"Food banks across the UK: help us create a directory". The Guardian. 25 June Retrieved 29 June
  58. ^Greg Morgan (27 September ). "Food bank: We need more food to feed UK's hungry". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 28 September Retrieved 1 October
  59. ^"Report and Financial Statements for the Year Ended 31 March "(PDF). Fareshare. Retrieved 22 April
  60. ^ ab"More people turning to food banks". BBC News. 28 April Retrieved 23 August
  61. ^"London Street Foodbank". Londonfoodbank.co.uk. Retrieved 25 October
  62. ^"Foodbanks expecting busiest Christmas ever against backdrop of growing need - The Trussell Trust". 29 November
  63. ^"No one should go hungry at Christmas - #FoodbankAdvent - UK Money Bloggers". 5 November
  64. ^Barrie, Joshua (2 November ). "Why the 'reverse advent calendar' is the best thing you can do this December".
  65. ^Stapley, Samantha (1 December ). "How reverse advent calendars are helping food banks countdown to Christmas". The Guardian.
  66. ^Food bank charity gives record level of suppliesBBC
  67. ^People with 'nowhere else to turn' fuel rise in food bank use – studyThe Guardian
  68. ^Food banks fear winter crisis as universal credit is rolled outThe Observer
  69. ^ ab"Food bank use tiny compared with Germany, says minister". BBC News. 14 December Retrieved 11 March
  70. ^Kleinhubbert, Guido (3 January ). "Storming the Food Banks: Charities Struggle with Growing Demand" &#; via Spiegel Online.
  71. ^"Walking the breadline&#;: the scandal of food poverty in 21st century Britain - May report by Oxfam and Church Action on Poverty". Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 25 October
  72. ^John Harris (critic) (30 May ). "Half a million Britons using food banks. What kind of country is this becoming?". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 June
  73. ^"Biggest ever increase in UK foodbank use". The Trussell Trust.
  74. ^"Our aim is to end hunger and poverty in the UK".
  75. ^ abRowenna Davis (17 December ). "How food banks became mainstream: the new reality of the working poor". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 17 January Retrieved 23 February
  76. ^Wintour, Patrick (8 December ). "Benefit sanctions hit over , claiming jobseeker's allowance". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 March
  77. ^Loopstra, Rachel (). "Austerity, sanctions, and the rise of food banks in the UK"(PDF). BMJ. : 2. doi/bmj.h hdl/1/ PMID&#; Archived from the original(PDF) on 26 June Retrieved 25 June
  78. ^Sedgwick, Mark (30 May ). "What it is like to rely on food banks?". BBC News. Retrieved 11 March
  79. ^"Disability payments delay 'forced claimants to use food banks'". BBC News. 14 May Retrieved 11 March
  80. ^"Welfare delays cause soaring numbers using food banks". Independent.co.uk. 19 November Retrieved 11 March
  81. ^Cacciottolo, Mario (7 October ). "The 'hidden hunger' in British families". BBC News. Retrieved 11 March
  82. ^Patrick Butler (21 April ). "Food bank use tops million mark over the past year". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 March
  83. ^"Christmas dinner on a food parcel". BBC News. 18 December Retrieved 11 March
  84. ^Patrick Butler (21 August ). "Breadline Britain: councils fund food banks to plug holes in welfare state". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 August
  85. ^Paul Mason (4 September ). "The growing demand for food banks in breadline Britain". BBC News. Retrieved 8 September
  86. ^Brian Milligan (16 April ). "Food banks see 'shocking' rise in number of users". BBC News. Retrieved 16 April
  87. ^Richardson, Hannah (8 December ). "'Pay benefits faster' to reduce hunger, MPs urge". Retrieved 11 March &#; via www.bbc.co.uk.
  88. ^"Food Bank Britain - A Clearer Picture"(PDF). The All-Party Parliamentary Inquiry into Hunger and Food Poverty in Britain. 8 December Retrieved 23 December
  89. ^Patrick Butler (8 December ). "'Confront simple fact hunger stalks Britain' urges church-funded report". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 December
  90. ^Watt, Nicholas (17 December ). "Government under fire for rejecting European Union food bank funding". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 March
  91. ^Tories have avoided the truth over austerity and food banksThe Guardian
  92. ^Westminster, Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons. "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 23 May (pt )". Parliament.uk. Retrieved 11 March
  93. ^Gentleman, Amelia (18 July ). "Food banks: a life on handouts". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 March
  94. ^"Crisis? What crisis? How politicians ignore the existence of food banks". The Guardian. 22 April Retrieved 11 March
  95. ^"Food banks appeal for help to feed children during school holidays". The Guardian. 3 August
  96. ^"The rise of foodbanks in Germany is increasing the commodification of poverty without addressing its structural causes". LSE.ac.uk. 11 July Retrieved 11 March
  97. ^"Dossier "Gaspillage Alimentaire, enjeux et pistes d'actions""(PDF). p.&#;
  98. ^Allen, Peter (28 September ). "How French law requires supermarkets to handover food". www.standard.co.uk.
  99. ^ abElaine How (30 September ). "Taiwan to enjoy support from international food banking network". Focus Taiwan. Archived from the original on 13 January Retrieved 1 October
  100. ^"Delhi FoodBanking Network". Delhifoodbanking.org. Retrieved 25 October
  101. ^Lee, Danny (2 September ). "Beating waste and putting food on plates for needy". South China Morning Post.
  102. ^"Food Angel - About". FoodAngel.org.hk. Retrieved 11 March
  103. ^Jumana Al Tamimi (1 October ). "Food banks follow Cairo recipe". GulfNews.com. Retrieved 11 October
  104. ^"The hunger project, overview for Malawi". Thp.org. Retrieved 25 October
  105. ^"FoodBank South Africa". Foodbank.org.za. Retrieved 25 October
  106. ^"Home - The Global FoodBanking Network". FoodBanking.org. Retrieved 11 March
  107. ^"The Global Foodbanking Network". Foodbanking.org. Retrieved 25 October
  108. ^ abcPatrick Butler (21 August ). "Food banks: Lambeth holds its breath, and its nose". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 August
  109. ^Phyllis Korrki (8 November ). "Food Banks Expand Beyond Hunger". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 November
  110. ^
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Food_bank

Feeding America

Feeding America is a national nonprofit organization who's mission is "to feed America's hungry through a nationwide network of member food banks and engage our country in the fight to end hunger." Primarily an advocacy and fundraising organization, Feeding America brings national attention to the problems of hunger and food insecurity in the United States. Over food banks across the country are members of the Feeding America network, which provides food banks with credibility, funding opportunities, and access to implement Feeding America branded programs (e.g. Kids Cafe). Feeding America also develops national-level relationships with food companies (e.g. General Mills, Kroger, Target, Wal-Mart) to help supply regional food banks with products and resources.


Feeding America (formerly known as America's Second Harvest) has a staff of nearly employees who work in their Chicago national office, Washington D.C. office, or in other parts of the country. As of they were a Better Business Bureau Accredited Charity and have a four (out of four) star Charity Navigator rating.





See also:

Food bank

Food insecurity

Food security


Entry: CB



Sours: http://foodglossary.pbworks.com/Feeding-America
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Program Expense Ratio


The Program Expense Ratio is determined by Program Expenses divided by Total Expense (average of most recent three s).

This measure reflects the percent of its total expenses a charity spends on the programs and services it exists to deliver. Dividing a charity's average program expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.

Source: IRS Form

Administrative Expenses


As reported by charities on their IRS Form , this measure reflects what percent of its total budget a charity spends on overhead, administrative staff and associated costs, and organizational meetings. Dividing a charity's average administrative expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.

Source: IRS Form

Fundraising Expenses


This measure reflects what a charity spends to raise money. Fundraising expenses can include campaign printing, publicity, mailing, and staffing and costs incurred in soliciting donations, memberships, and grants. Dividing a charity's average fundraising expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.

Source: IRS Form

Liabilities to Assets Ratio


The Liabilities to Assets Ratio is determined by Total Liabilities divided by Total Assets (most recent ).

Part of our goal in rating the financial performance of charities is to help donors assess the financial capacity and sustainability of a charity. As do organizations in other sectors, charities must be mindful of their management of total liabilites in relation to their total assets. This ratio is an indicator of an organization’s solvency and or long term sustainability. Dividing a charity's total liabilities by its total assets yields this percentage.

Source: IRS Form

Fundraising Efficiency


The amount spent to raise $1 in charitable contributions. To calculate a charity's fundraising efficiency, we divide its average fundraising expenses by the average total contributions it receives. We calculate the charity's average expenses and average contributions over its three most recent fiscal years.

Source: IRS Form

Working Capital Ratio


Determines how long a charity could sustain its level of spending using its net available assets, or working capital, as reported on its most recently filed Form We include in a charity's working capital unrestricted and temporarily restricted net assets, and exclude permanently restricted net assets. Dividing these net available assets in the most recent year by a charity's average total expenses, yields the working capital ratio. We calculate the charity's average total expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.

Source: IRS Form

Program Expense Growth


We compute the average annual growth of program expenses using the following formula: [(Yn/Y0)(1/n)]-1, where Y0 is a charity's program expenses in the first year of the interval analyzed, Yn is the charity's program expenses in the most recent year, and n is the interval of years passed between Y0 and Yn.

Source: IRS Form


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form that the organization has these governance practices in place.

Sources Include: IRS Form

Independent Voting Board Members   (More)
The presence of an independent governing body is strongly recommended by many industry professionals to allow for full deliberation and diversity of thinking on governance and other organizational matters. Our analysts check the Form to determine if the independent Board members are a voting majority and also at least five in number. (Less)
No Material Diversion of Assets (More)

A diversion of assets – any unauthorized conversion or use of the organization's assets other than for the organization's authorized purposes, including but not limited to embezzlement or theft – can seriously call into question a charity's financial integrity. We check the charity's last two Forms to see if the charity has reported any diversion of assets. If the charity does report a diversion, then we check to see if it complied with the Form instructions by describing what happened and its corrective action. This metric will be assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Full Credit: There has been no diversion of assets within the last two years.

  • Partial Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity has used Schedule O on the Form to explain: the nature of the diversion, the amount of money or property involved and the corrective action taken to address the matter. In this situation, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity's explanation on Schedule O is either non-existent or not sufficient. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
Audited Financials Prepared by Independent Accountant (More)

Audited financial statements provide important information about financial accountability and accuracy. They should be prepared by an independent accountant with oversight from an audit committee. (It is not necessary that the audit committee be a separate committee. Often at smaller charities, it falls within the responsibilities of the finance committee or the executive committee.) The committee provides an important oversight layer between the management of the organization, which is responsible for the financial information reported, and the independent accountant, who reviews the financials and issues an opinion based on its findings. We check the charity's Form reporting to see if it meets this criteria.

  • Full Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant with an audit oversight committee.

  • Partial Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant, but it did not have an audit oversight committee. In this case, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: The charity did not have its audited financials prepared by an independent accountant. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
Does Not Provide Loan(s) to or Receive Loan(s) From Related Parties  (More)
Making loans to related parties such as key officers, staff, or Board members, is not standard practice in the sector as it may divert the charity's funds away from its charitable mission and can lead to real and perceived conflict-of-interest problems. This practice is discouraged by sector trade groups which point to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act when they call for charities to refrain from making loans to directors and executives. And the IRS is concerned enough with the practice that it requires charities to disclose on their Form any loans to or from current and former officers, directors, trustees, key employees, and other "disqualified persons." Furthermore, some state laws go so far as to prohibit loans to board members and officers. And although employees and trustees are permitted to make loans to charities, this practice can also result in real and/or perceived conflict of interest problems for the charity. Furthermore, it is problematic because it is an indicator that the organization is not financially secure.  (Less)
Documents Board Meeting Minutes  (More)
An official record of the events that take place during a board meeting ensures that a contemporaneous document exists for future reference. Charities are not required to make their Board meeting minutes available to the public. As such, we are not able to review and critique their minutes. For this performance metric, we are checking to see if the charity reports on its Form that it does keep those minutes. In the future, we will also track and rate whether or not a charity keeps minutes for its committee meetings.  (Less)
Distributes to Board Before Filing  (More)
Providing copies of the Form to the governing body in advance of filing is considered a best practice, as it allows for thorough review by the individuals charged with overseeing the organization. The Form asks the charity to disclose whether or not it has followed this best practice. If the charity has not distributed its Form to the board before filing, then we deduct 4 points from its Accountability and Transparency score.  (Less)
Compensates Board  (More)
The IRS requires that any compensation paid to members of the charity's governing body be listed on the Form Furthermore, all members of the governing body need to be listed whether or not they are compensated. It is not unusual for some members of the board to have compensation listed. The executive director of the organization frequently has a seat on the board, for instance, and is compensated for being a full time staff member. However, it is rare for a charity to compensate individuals only for serving on its Board of Directors. Although this sort of board compensation is not illegal, it is not considered a best practice.  (Less)


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form , or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization has these policies in place.

Sources Include: IRS Form and organization's website

Conflict of Interest   (More)
Such a policy protects the organization, and by extension those it serves, when it is considering entering into a transaction that may benefit the private interest of an officer or director of the organization. Charities are not required to share their conflict of interest policies with the public. Although we can not evaluate the substance of its policy, we can tell you if the charity has one in place based on the information it reports on its Form If the charity does not have a Conflict of Interest policy, then we deduct 4 points from its Accountability and Transparency score. (Less)
Whistleblower  (More)
This policy outlines procedures for handling employee complaints, as well as a confidential way for employees to report any financial mismanagement. Here we are reporting on the existence of a policy as reported by the charity on its Form  (Less)
Records Retention and Destruction  (More)
Such a policy establishes guidelines for handling, backing up, archiving and destruction of documents. These guidelines foster good record keeping procedures that promotes data integrity. Here we are reporting on the existence of a policy as reported by the charity on its Form If the charity does not have a Records Retention and Destruction Policy, then we deduct 4 points from its Accountability and Transparency score. (Less)
CEO Compensation Process  (More)
This process indicates that the organization has a documented policy that it follows year after year. The policy should indicate that an objective and independent review process of the CEO's compensation has been conducted which includes benchmarking against comparable organizations. We check to be sure that the charity has reported on its Form its process for determining its CEO pay. (Less)
Donor Privacy (More)

Donors have expressed extreme concern about the use of their personal information by charities and the desire to have this information kept confidential. The exchanging and sale of lists for telemarketing and the mass distribution of "junk mail," among other things, can be minimized if the charity assures the privacy of its donors. Privacy policies are assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Yes: This charity has a written donor privacy policy published on its website, which states unambiguously that (1) it will not share or sell a donor's personal information with anyone else, nor send donor mailings on behalf of other organizations or (2) it will only share or sell personal information once the donor has given the charity specific permission to do so.

  • Opt-out: The charity has a written privacy policy published on its website which enables donors to tell the charity to remove their names and contact information from lists the charity shares or sells. How a donor can have themselves removed from a list differs from one charity to the next, but any and all opt-out policies require donors to take specific action to protect their privacy.
  • No: This charity either does not have a written donor privacy policy in place to protect their contributors' personal information, or the existing policy does not meet our criteria.

The privacy policy must be specific to donor information. A general website policy which references "visitor" or "user" personal information will not suffice. A policy that refers to donor information collected on the website is also not sufficient as the policy must be comprehensive and applicable to both online and offline donors. The existence of a privacy policy of any type does not prohibit the charity itself from contacting the donor for informational, educational, or solicitation purposes.




Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form , or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization makes this information easily accessible.

Sources Include: IRS Form and organization's website

CEO Salary Listed on   (More)
Charities are required to list their CEO's name and compensation on the Form Our analysts check to be sure that the charities complied with the Form instructions and included this information in their filing. (Less)
Board of Directors Listed on Website  (More)
Our analysts check to see if the charity lists Board members on its website. Publishing this information enables donors and other stakeholders to ascertain the make up of the charity's governing body. This enables stakeholders to report concerns to the Board. Charity Navigator does not cross-check the Board members listed on the website with that reported on the Form , because the latter often isn't available until more than a year after the charity's fiscal year ends. In that time, the charity's Board members may have changed, and the charity typically reflects those more recent changes on the website. (Less)
Key Staff Listed on Website  (More)
It is important for donors and other stakeholders to know who runs the organization day-to-day. Charity Navigator does not cross-check the leadership listed on the website with that reported on the Form because the latter often isn't available until more than a year after the charity's fiscal year ends. In that time, the charity's leadership may have changed and the charity typically reflects those more recent changes on the website. In other words, since the Form isn't especially timely, it can not be used to verify the leadership information published on the charity's site. (Less)
Audited Financial Statements on Website  (More)
We check the charity's website to see if it has published its audited financial statements for the fiscal year represented by the most recently filed IRS Form It is important for donors to have easy access to this financial report to help determine if the organization is managing its financial resources well. We currently rate charities on whether or not they publish their audit on their website.  (Less)
Form Available on Website  (More)
We check the charity's website to see if it has published its most recently filed IRS Form (a direct link to the charity's on an external site is sufficient). It is important for donors to have easy access to this financial report to help determine if the organization is managing its financial resources well. (Less)
Sours: https://www.charitynavigator.org/ein/

Claire Babineaux-Fontenot is a Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Feeding America which is the second-largest U.S. charity according to Forbes and the largest domestic hunger-relief organization. In a recent interview, according to Feeding America, “50 million people in this country are unsure of where their next meal is coming from”.

She is one of the ambitious ladies who has delicately worked for proving the food to the American. Below are 10 facts about Claire Babineaux-Fontenot that you should know.

NameClaire Babineaux-Fontenot
Education University of Louisiana, Southern University Law Center, Southern Methodist University Dedman School

10 Facts About Claire Babineaux-Fontenot

  1. Claire Babineaux-Fontenot is the CEO of Feeding America who has recently appeared in an interview where she has answered all the doubts and questions that the reporter asked.
  2. Being the CEO of Feeding America, Claire Babineaux-Fontenot does not have her profile mentioned on the Wikipedia page.
  3. Who is Claire Babineaux-Fontenot married to? We do know that she is a married lady but the details about her husband and family life are yet to come.
  4. Feeding America CEO,  Claire Babineaux-Fontenot has not revealed her net worth and salary amount. However, the company has received $ billion as a private donation.
  5. Furthermore, Claire Babineaux-Fontenot was born in the year in the United States of America. She is at the age of 56 years old.
  6. She is not available on any of the social media platforms and likes to keep her private life to herself.
  7. Claire is a graduate from the University of Louisiana with a Bachelor of Science degree and later she got a graduate from the Southern University Law Center.
  8. She got a degree in Master of Laws from Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law in Dallas, Texas.
  9. She has worked to provide 4 billion meals to more than 46 million people across the United States.
  10. Her organization’s main motive is to feed hungry Americans.
Sours: https://www.wiki.ng/en/wiki/claire-babineaux-fontenot-wiki-husband-family-feeding-america-ceo-salary-andfacts

Wiki feeding america

Feeding America

US nonprofit organization and food bank network

Feeding America is a United States–based nonprofit organization that is a nationwide network of more than food banks that feed more than 46 million people through food pantries, soup kitchens, shelters, and other community-based agencies.[2] Forbes ranks it as the second largest U.S. charity by revenue.[3] Feeding America was known as America's Second Harvest until August 31, [4]


In the mid s, during rehabilitation in Phoenix, Arizona after a paralyzing injury, John van Hengel began volunteering at a local soup kitchen. He solicited food donations and ended up with far more food than the kitchen could use. Around this time, one of the clients told him that she regularly fed her children with discarded items from a grocery store garbage dumpster. She told him that the food quality was fine, but that there should be a place where unwanted food could be deposited and later withdrawn by people who needed it, like a bank.

Van Hengel began to actively solicit unwanted food from grocery stores, local gardens, and nearby citrus groves. His effort led to the creation of St. Mary's Food Bank in Phoenix, the nation's first food bank.[5]

In , St. Mary's was awarded a federal grant to assist in developing food banks across the nation. This effort was formally incorporated into a separate non-profit organization in [6]

In , America's Second Harvest merged with Foodchain,[7] which was the nation's largest food-rescue organization at that time.

In , Feeding America began using an internal market with a synthetic currency called "shares" to more rationally allocate food. Currency is allocated based on the need, and then individual banks bid on which foods they want the most, based on local knowledge and ability to transport and store the food offered.[8] Negative prices are possible, so banks could earn shares by picking up undesirable food. The previous centrally planned system had penalized banks for refusing any food offered, even if it was the wrong type to meet their needs, and this resulted in misallocations ("sending potatoes to Idaho"), food rotted away in places that did not need it, and the wrong types of food being delivered (e.g. not matching hot dogs with hot dog buns).[9]

In May , it was featured on American Idol, named as a charity in the Idol Gives Back charity program.[10]

In September , the organization name was changed from America's Second Harvest to Feeding America.[11]

In August , Columbia Records announced that all U.S. royalties from Bob Dylan's album Christmas in the Heart would be donated to Feeding America, in perpetuity.[12]

There has been a rise in the numbers suffering from hunger since the financial crisis of – In , the USDA reported that about 49 million U.S. Americans faced poor nutrition, about one in six of the population.[13] In September, they launched Hunger Action Month, with events planned all over the nation, to raise awareness and get more U.S. Americans involved in helping out.[14][15][16]

In , Feeding America saved more than 2&#;billion pounds (~ thousand metric tons) of food that would have been thrown away otherwise, but could instead be distributed to hungry families.[17]

In , the USDA announced that food insecurity had been steadily declining since the recession ended.[18]

In , Feeding America said that there were about 11 million children suffering from hunger in the United States. Children, along with families and seniors having trouble making ends meet, were suffering the most.[19]

The COVID pandemic increased hunger levels and the number of people in need of food banks. According to Patti Habeck, the President of Feeding America Eastern Wisconsin, the number of people increased by 36% at the height of pandemic, and had not yet decreased but autumn of [20]

Feeding America created the MealConnect platform in , which helps food donors like grocery stores, restaurants and caterers to connect with local food banks and pantries.[21] The platform helps to reduce food waste and increase the efficiency of food donations. In June , Feeding America expanded MealConnect's operations nationwide.[22]


Bob Aiken was its first CEO. Matt Knott was its interim-CEO in On October 1, , Diana Aviv became its second CEO.[23] On October 1, , Claire Babineaux-Fontenot became its third CEO.[24][25]

Network programs[edit]

Feeding America works to educate the general public and keep them informed about hunger in America. The national office produces educational and research papers that spotlight aspects of hunger and provides information on hunger, poverty and the programs that serve vulnerable Americans. Feeding America's public policy staff works with legislators, conducting research, testifying at hearings and advocating for changes in public attitudes and laws that support Feeding America's network and those the organization serves.[26]

In , Feeding America announced a plan to increase the nutritional value of food from food banks. By , the group plans to offer more fruits and vegetables, and provide training so they can distribute more produce, whole grains and lean proteins.[27]

There are more than Feeding America food banks, each of which works in its own area. A complete and current list is available at the Feeding America web site. Food banks in the network include:

  • Alameda County Community Food Bank in Oakland, California
  • Arkansas Foodbank Network in Little Rock, Arkansas
  • Capital Area Food Bank in Washington, D.C.
  • Community Action Services and Food Bank in Provo, Utah
  • Connecticut Food Bank in East Haven, Connecticut
  • Food Bank For New York City in New York City
  • Food Bank of Delaware in Delaware
  • Food Lifeline in Seattle, Washington
  • Forgotten Harvest in Metro Detroit
  • Freestore Foodbank in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Good Shepherd Food Bank in Maine
  • Greater Boston Food Bank in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Greater Chicago Food Depository in Chicago, Illinois
  • Houston Food Bank in Houston, Texas
  • North Texas Food Bank in Dallas, Texas
  • Philabundance in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Redwood Empire Food Bank in northern California
  • Second Harvest North Florida in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Second Harvest of Silicon Valley in San Jose, California
  • St. Mary's Food Bank in Phoenix, Arizona
  • Vermont Foodbank in Barre, Vermont

See also[edit]


  1. ^"AnnReport "(PDF).
  2. ^"Hunger in America ". Feeding America. Retrieved August 27,
  3. ^"#2 The Largest U.S. Charities ". Forbes. Retrieved November 8,
  4. ^"Second Harvest Heartland Feeding America". AgWired: News from the World of Agribusiness. September 2, Retrieved August 27,
  5. ^"Transitions". October 9, Archived from the original on July 21, Retrieved July 21,
  6. ^Patricia Sullivan (October 8, ). "John van Hengel Dies at 83; Founded 1st Food Bank in ". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 21, Retrieved July 21,
  7. ^O'Connor, Alice; Mink, Gwendolyn (). Poverty in the United States: an encyclopedia of history, politics, and policy. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO. p.&#; ISBN&#;.
  8. ^Sendhil Mullainathan (October 7, ). "Sending Potatoes to Idaho? How the Free Market Can Fight Poverty". The New York Times.
  9. ^"Free Market Food Banks". Marginal REVOLUTION. November 3,
  10. ^"'Idol' Charity Donations Top $60M". The Washington Post. April 26, Archived from the original on July 21, Retrieved July 21,
  11. ^Center, Foundation. "America's Second Harvest Changes Name to Feeding America". Philanthropy News Digest (PND). Retrieved August 4,
  12. ^Dobuzinskis, Alex (August 26, ). "Bob Dylan's Christmas album to benefit charity". Reuters. Retrieved April 16,
  13. ^Coleman-Jensen, Alicia (September ). "Household Food Security in the United States in "(PDF). United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original(PDF) on May 17, Retrieved August 27,
  14. ^Anti-hunger efforts under way in area Beloit daily news. September 6,
  15. ^Food banks spotlight hunger awareness Amarillo globe news. September 7,
  16. ^Alex Ferreras (July 11, ). "Thousands More in Solano, Napa Counties are Turning to Food Banks". Archived from the original on July 17, Retrieved September 8,
  17. ^"Starbucks takes action after workers fret over wasted food". CBS News. Retrieved April 25,
  18. ^"USDA ERS - Key Statistics & Graphics". ers.usda.gov.
  19. ^Feeding America. "Facts about poverty and hunger in America." Feeding America, , https://foodshare.com/hunger-in-ventura-county/facts.
  20. ^"Feeding America looks to the future as pandemic winds down while need stays elevated". WFRV Local 5 - Green Bay, Appleton. September 30, Retrieved October 2,
  21. ^"Feeding America Launches Campaign to Promote Food Rescue for Retailers". CStore Decisions. September 7, Retrieved October 2,
  22. ^"Feeding America Makes MealConnect Available Nationwide". Food Bank News. June 22, Retrieved October 2,
  23. ^Ford, Sarah (July 1, ). "Independent Sector's Diana Aviv to Become New CEO of America's Charities Member, Feeding America". charities.org. Retrieved March 20,
  24. ^"Claire Babineaux-Fontenot, Chief Executive Officer". feedingamerica.org. Retrieved March 20,
  25. ^"Feeding America Grabs New CEO From Walmart". thenonprofittimes.com. September 26, Retrieved March 20,
  26. ^"Charity Report: Feeding America". BBB Wise Giving Alliance. December Retrieved August 27,
  27. ^Dewey, Caitlin (May 12, ). "Charities are realizing that poor people also deserve healthy food". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 14,

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feeding_America
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